Volume 7 Supplement 1

Proceedings of the 2011 International Conference on Molecular Neurodegeneration

Open Access

Implication of lipid metabolism disturbance and Alzheimer’s disease: focus on the lipoprotein lipase plays an important role in learning and memory function

  • Dehua Chui1Email author,
  • Ting Zhou1,
  • Liang Zhou1,
  • Huan Yang1,
  • Xinying Liu1,
  • Tingting Liu1,
  • Jia Yu1,
  • Yi Liu1,
  • Xue Fei Wu1,
  • Hui Zhang1 and
  • Dongsheng Fan1
Molecular Neurodegeneration20127(Suppl 1):O9

DOI: 10.1186/1750-1326-7-S1-O9

Published: 7 February 2012

Background

Along with aging, lipid metabolism disturbance occurs. Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is also expressed in the brain with highest levels found in the pyramidal cells of the hippocampus, suggesting a possible role for LPL in the regulation of cognitive function. However, very little is currently known about the specific role of LPL in the brain.

Method

LPL deficient mice and littermate control C57BL/6J mice were bred in the animal facility of Peking University Health Science Center. The histochemistry and western blotting was performed as our previous description.

Results

In this study, we found that LPL-deficient mice exhibited increased latency to escape platform and increased mistake frequency. Decreased latency to platform in the step-down passive avoidance test was observed, consistent with impaired learning and memory in these mice. Transmission electron microscopy revealed a significant decrease in the number of pre-synaptic vesicles in the hippocampus of LPL-deficient mice. The levels of the pre-synaptic marker synaptophysin were also reduced in the hippocampus while post-synaptic marker PSD-95 levels remained unchanged in LPL-deficient mice. LPL deficiency reduced the frequency of miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs) and readily releasable pool (RRP) size. Then we demonstrated that these defects, which resulted from slower clathrin-mediated endocytosis and synaptic vesicle recycling, led to presynaptic dysfunction and synaptic plasticity impairment. Moreover, lipid assay revealed a lack of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) in LPL deficient neurons. Meanwhile, exogenous DHA and AA partially rescued the defect of synaptic vesicle recycling in LPL deficient neurons.

Conclusion

This finding reveals a novel role of LPL in synaptic plasticity and contributes to a better understanding of the LPL function in the brain, where altered LPL levels are related to learning and memory impairment.

Declarations

Acknowledgment

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC; Grants No.30973145), Doctoral Fund of Ministry of Education (20090001110058) and the National High Technology Research and Development Programof China (973 Program, No. 2012CB911004).

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Peking University Neuroscience Research Institute, Dep. of Neurology, Peking University Third Hospital

Copyright

© Chui et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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