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Fig. 2 | Molecular Neurodegeneration

Fig. 2

From: Human Interleukin-34 facilitates microglia-like cell differentiation and persistent HIV-1 infection in humanized mice

Fig. 2

Human microglial-like cells in CD34-NOG-hIL-34 mouse brains. a A comparison of tissue macrophage reconstitution between CD34-NOG-hIL-34 and CD34-NSG mice. Brain sections were stained for HLA-DR, and liver and spleen for human CD68 (Scale bar 10 μm). HLA-DR+ human cells were widely distributed in brain parenchyma of CD34-NOG-hIL-34 mice. b Magnified views of olfactory bulb (OB, 20×), cortex (CTX, 20×) and hippocampus (HC, 10×) from CD34-NOG-hIL-34 mouse brain sections stained for HLA-DR. c Microglial morphology of the human cells shown at higher magnification (Scale bar 2 μm). d Confocal images of brain stained for HLA-DR and Iba1. e Quantification of HLA-DR/Iba1 double positive human microglial cells from total Iba1 positive cells (sample size described in materials and methods, multiple reagions shown on Additional file 1: Figure S5)

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