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  1. Recent studies suggest that the pathogenic process in neurodegenerative disorders may disrupt mature neuronal circuitries and neurogenesis in the adult brain. Abnormal activation of CDK5 is associated with neu...

    Authors: Leslie Crews, Rebecca Ruf, Christina Patrick, Wilmar Dumaop, Margarita Trejo-Morales, Cristian L Achim, Edward Rockenstein and Eliezer Masliah

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:67

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Parkinson's disease (PD) is a complex disorder caused by genetic, environmental and age-related factors, and it is more prevalent in men. We aimed to identify differentially expressed genes in peripheral blood...

    Authors: Merav Kedmi, Anat Bar-Shira, Tanya Gurevich, Nir Giladi and Avi Orr-Urtreger

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:66

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Memory deficits in Alzheimer's disease (AD) manifest together with the loss of synapses caused by the disruption of the postsynaptic density (PSD), a network of scaffold proteins located in dendritic spines. H...

    Authors: Andreas M Grabrucker, Michael J Schmeisser, Patrick T Udvardi, Magali Arons, Michael Schoen, Nathaniel S Woodling, Katrin I Andreasson, Patrick R Hof, Joseph D Buxbaum, Craig C Garner and Tobias M Boeckers

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:65

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Trans-activation response element (TAR) DNA binding protein of 43kDa (TDP-43) is causally related to the neurodegenerative diseases frontotemporal dementia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis being the hallmark ...

    Authors: Fabienne C Fiesel, Christine Schurr, Stephanie S Weber and Philipp J Kahle

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:64

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by insidious cognitive decline and memory dysfunction. Synapse loss is the best pathological correlate of cognitive decline in ...

    Authors: Robert M Koffie, Bradley T Hyman and Tara L Spires-Jones

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:63

    Content type: Review

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  6. Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP)s that are essentially unequivocally associated with peripheral cholesterol. Since the alleles of the APOE gene, ...

    Authors: Christopher R Simmons, Fanggeng Zou, Steven G Younkin and Steven Estus

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:62

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) contains a Gly-XXX-Gly-XXX-Gly motif in its C-terminal region that has been proposed to form a "glycine zipper" that drives the formation of toxic Aβ oligomers. We have tested this h...

    Authors: Virginia Fonte, Vishantie Dostal, Christine M Roberts, Patrick Gonzales, Pascale Lacor, Jordi Magrane, Natalie Dingwell, Emily Y Fan, Michael A Silverman, Gretchen H Stein and Christopher D Link

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:61

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Molecular Neurodegeneration 2014 9:12

  8. Oxidative stress plays an important role in neuronal dysfunction and neuron loss in Alzheimer's brain. Previous studies have reported downregulation of CREB-mediated transcription by oxidative stress and Aβ. T...

    Authors: Subbiah Pugazhenthi, Maorong Wang, Serena Pham, Chun-I Sze and Christopher B Eckman

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:60

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Huntington Disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder in which caspase activation and cleavage of substrates, including the huntingtin protein, has been invoked as a pathological mechanism. Specific changes ...

    Authors: Jeffrey B Carroll, Amber L Southwell, Rona K Graham, Jason P Lerch, Dagmar E Ehrnhoefer, Li-Ping Cao, Wei-Ning Zhang, Yu Deng, Nagat Bissada, R Mark Henkelman and Michael R Hayden

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:59

    Content type: Research article

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  10. There are sex differences in dopaminergic degeneration. Men are approximately two times as likely as premenopausal women of the same age to develop Parkinson's disease (PD). It has been shown that the local re...

    Authors: Ana I Rodriguez-Perez, Rita Valenzuela, Belen Joglar, Pablo Garrido-Gil, Maria J Guerra and Jose L Labandeira-Garcia

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:58

    Content type: Research article

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  11. TDP-43 proteinopathies are characterized by loss of nuclear TDP-43 expression and formation of C-terminal TDP-43 fragmentation and accumulation in the cytoplasm. Recent studies have shown that TDP-43 can accum...

    Authors: Jodi Meyerowitz, Sarah J Parker, Laura J Vella, Dominic CH Ng, Katherine A Price, Jeffrey R Liddell, Aphrodite Caragounis, Qiao-Xin Li, Colin L Masters, Takashi Nonaka, Masato Hasegawa, Marie A Bogoyevitch, Katja M Kanninen, Peter J Crouch and Anthony R White

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:57

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is an inherited eye disease characterized by the progressive degeneration of rod photoreceptor cells. Mutations in pre-mRNA splicing factors including PRPF31 have been identified as c...

    Authors: Jun Yin, Jan Brocher, Utz Fischer and Christoph Winkler

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:56

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Astrocytes are fundamental for brain homeostasis and the progression and outcome of many neuropathologies including Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the triple transgenic mouse model of AD (3xTg-AD) generalised hi...

    Authors: Markel Olabarria, Harun N Noristani, Alexei Verkhratsky and José J Rodríguez

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:55

    Content type: Research article

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  14. A recently published genome-wide association study (GWAS) of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) revealed genome-wide significant association of variants in or near MS4A4A, CD2AP, EPHA1 and CD33. Meta-analyses ...

    Authors: Minerva M Carrasquillo, Olivia Belbin, Talisha A Hunter, Li Ma, Gina D Bisceglio, Fanggeng Zou, Julia E Crook, V Shane Pankratz, Sigrid B Sando, Jan O Aasly, Maria Barcikowska, Zbigniew K Wszolek, Dennis W Dickson, Neill R Graff-Radford, Ronald C Petersen, Peter Passmore…

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:54

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The activities of mitochondrial complex III (ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase, EC 1.10.2.2) and complex IV (cytochrome c oxidase EC 1.9.3.1) are reduced by 30-70% in Huntington's disease and Alzheimer's disease, ...

    Authors: Seán M Kilbride, Sonia A Gluchowska, Jayne E Telford, Catherine O'Sullivan and Gavin P Davey

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:53

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In Parkinson's disease there is progressive loss of dopamine containing neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. The neuronal damage is not limited to the substantia nigra but progresses to other regions...

    Authors: Sowmya V Yelamanchili, Amrita Datta Chaudhuri, Claudia T Flynn and Howard S Fox

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:52

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating neurodegenerative disease that affects spinal cord and cortical motor neurons. An increasing amount of evidence suggests that mitochondrial dysfunction cont...

    Authors: Wei Zhao, Merina Varghese, Shrishailam Yemul, Yong Pan, Alice Cheng, Paul Marano, Sadiq Hassan, Prashant Vempati, Fei Chen, Xianjuan Qian and Giulio M Pasinetti

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:51

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Dopamine-synthesizing (dopaminergic, DA) neurons in the ventral midbrain (VM) constitute a pivotal neuronal population controlling motor behaviors, cognitive and affective brain functions, which generation cri...

    Authors: Francesca L'Episcopo, Maria F Serapide, Cataldo Tirolo, Nunzio Testa, Salvatore Caniglia, Maria C Morale, Stefano Pluchino and Bianca Marchetti

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:49

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Parkinson's disease (PD) and cerebral ischemia are chronic and acute neurodegenerative diseases, respectively, and onsets of these diseases are thought to be induced at least by oxidative stress. PD is caused ...

    Authors: Yoshihisa Kitamura, Shotaro Watanabe, Masanobu Taguchi, Kentaro Takagi, Takuya Kawata, Kazuko Takahashi-Niki, Hiroyuki Yasui, Hiroshi Maita, Sanae MM Iguchi-Ariga and Hiroyoshi Ariga

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:48

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Recently, several lines of evidence have shown the aberrant expression of cell-cycle-related proteins and tumor suppressor proteins in vulnerable neurons of the Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain and transgenic mo...

    Authors: Cha-Gyun Jung, Kyung-Ok Uhm, Yutaka Miura, Takashi Hosono, Hirofumi Horike, Kum Kum Khanna, Mi-Jeong Kim and Makoto Michikawa

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:47

    Content type: Research article

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  21. CNS myelination disturbances commonly occur in chronic white matter lesions in neurodevelopmental and adult neurological disorders. Recent studies support that myelination failure can involve a disrupted cellu...

    Authors: Justin M Dean, Art Riddle, Jennifer Maire, Kelly D Hansen, Marnie Preston, Anthony P Barnes, Larry S Sherman and Stephen A Back

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:46

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Reactive microglia are associated with β-amyloid (Aβ) deposit and clearance in Alzhiemer's Disease (AD). Paradoxically, entocranial resident microglia fail to trigger an effective phagocytic response to clear ...

    Authors: Xiao-dong Pan, Yuan-gui Zhu, Nan Lin, Jing Zhang, Qin-yong Ye, Hua-pin Huang and Xiao-chun Chen

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:45

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Prion diseases such as bovine spongiform encephalopathies (BSE) are transmissible neurodegenerative diseases which are presumably caused by an infectious conformational isoform of the cellular prion protein. P...

    Authors: Alex D Greenwood, Michelle Vincendeau, Ann-Christin Schmädicke, Judith Montag, Wolfgang Seifarth and Dirk Motzkus

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:44

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Oxidative stress is a key pathophysiological mechanism contributing to degenerative processes in many neurodegenerative diseases and therefore, unraveling molecular mechanisms underlying various stages of oxid...

    Authors: Arunkumar Asaithambi, Arthi Kanthasamy, Hariharan Saminathan, Vellareddy Anantharam and Anumantha G Kanthasamy

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:43

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Though originally discovered in the immune system as an important mediator of inflammation, NF-κB has recently been shown to play key roles in the central nervous system, such as synaptogenesis, synaptic plast...

    Authors: David J Shim, Li Yang, J Graham Reed, Jeffrey L Noebels, Paul J Chiao and Hui Zheng

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:42

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Evidence shows that the insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and leptin reduce β-amyloid (Aβ) production and tau phosphorylation, two major hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD). IGF-1 expression involves the ...

    Authors: Gurdeep Marwarha, Jaya RP Prasanthi, Jared Schommer, Bhanu Dasari and Othman Ghribi

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:41

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Pleiotrophin is known to promote the survival and differentiation of dopaminergic neurons in vitro and is up-regulated in the substantia nigra of Parkinson's disease patients. To establish whether pleiotrophin ha...

    Authors: Irene RE Taravini, Mariela Chertoff, Eduardo G Cafferata, José Courty, Mario G Murer, Fernando J Pitossi and Oscar S Gershanik

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:40

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The correlation between neurofibrillary tangles of tau and disease progression in the brains of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients remains an area of contention. Innovative data are emerging from biochemical, c...

    Authors: Cristian A Lasagna-Reeves, Diana L Castillo-Carranza, Urmi Sengupta, Audra L Clos, George R Jackson and Rakez Kayed

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:39

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Abnormal accumulation and aggregation of microtubule associated proteins (MAPs) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. Loss-of-function mutation of DJ-1/Park7 can cause earl...

    Authors: Zhiquan Wang, Yu Zhang, Shi Zhang, Qianqian Guo, Yuyan Tan, Xinyi Wang, Ran Xiong, Jianqing Ding and Shengdi Chen

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:38

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Huntington's disease is caused by aggregation of mutant huntingtin (mHtt) protein containing more than a 36 polyQ repeat. Upregulation of macroautophagy was suggested as a neuroprotective strategy to degrade m...

    Authors: Qiuli Liang, Xiaosen Ouyang, Lonnie Schneider and Jianhua Zhang

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:37

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The cellular prion protein (PrPC) fulfils several yet not completely understood physiological functions. Apart from these functions, it has the ability to misfold into a pathogenic scrapie form (PrPSc) leading to...

    Authors: Hermann C Altmeppen, Johannes Prox, Berta Puig, Mark A Kluth, Christian Bernreuther, Dana Thurm, Ellen Jorissen, Bettina Petrowitz, Udo Bartsch, Bart De Strooper, Paul Saftig and Markus Glatzel

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:36

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Recent studies indicate local caspase activation in dendrites or axons during development and in neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Emerging evidences point to soluble oligomeric amy...

    Authors: Ricardo A Figueroa, Veronica Ramberg, Tom Gatsinzi, Malin Samuelsson, Mu Zhang, Kerstin Iverfeldt and Einar Hallberg

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:35

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Accumulation of aberrant proteins to form Lewy bodies (LBs) is a hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD). Ubiquitination-mediated degradation of aberrant, misfolded proteins is critical for maintaining normal cel...

    Authors: Fanjun Meng, Dongdong Yao, Yang Shi, Jonathan Kabakoff, Wei Wu, Joshua Reicher, Yuliang Ma, Bernd Moosmann, Eliezer Masliah, Stuart A Lipton and Zezong Gu

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:34

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are inversely associated. To test the hypothesis that genetic elements associated with increased RA risk are associated with decreased AD risk, we evaluat...

    Authors: Christopher R Simmons, Fanggeng Zou, Steven G Younkin and Steven Estus

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:33

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Huntington disease (HD) is an inherited neurodegenerative disease caused by an abnormal expansion of a CAG repeat in the huntingtin HTT (HD) gene. The primary genetic determinant of the age at onset (AO) is the l...

    Authors: Elahe Taherzadeh-Fard, Carsten Saft, Denis A Akkad, Stefan Wieczorek, Aiden Haghikia, Andrew Chan, Jörg T Epplen and Larissa Arning

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:32

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Accumulation of misfolded neurotoxic Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) protein found in both familial and sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is recognized as an important contributing factor of ne...

    Authors: Guijie Ren, Zhongcai Ma, Maria Hui, Lili C Kudo, Koon-Sea Hui and Stanislav L Karsten

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:29

    Content type: Short report

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  37. Previous studies indicate a role of P2X7 receptors in processes that lead to neuronal death. The main objective of our study was to examine whether genetic deletion or pharmacological blockade of P2X7 receptors i...

    Authors: Zsuzsanna Hracskó, Mária Baranyi, Cecilia Csölle, Flóra Gölöncsér, Emilia Madarász, Ágnes Kittel and Beáta Sperlágh

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:28

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The amyloid precursor protein (APP) plays a central role in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease in large part due to the sequential proteolytic cleavages that result in the generation of β-amyloid pepti...

    Authors: Hui Zheng and Edward H Koo

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:27

    Content type: Review

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  39. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by a progressive loss of motor neurons. ALS patients, as well as animal models such as mice overexpressing mutant SOD1s, a...

    Authors: Anissa Fergani, Judith Eschbach, Hugues Oudart, Yves Larmet, Birgit Schwalenstocker, Albert C Ludolph, Jean-Philippe Loeffler and Luc Dupuis

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:26

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Giant Axonal Neuropathy (GAN) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder with early onset characterized by a severe deterioration of the peripheral and central nervous system, involving both the motor and the senso...

    Authors: Thibault Ganay, Alexia Boizot, Renaud Burrer, Jean Paul Chauvin and Pascale Bomont

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:25

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Animal models of human diseases are essential as they allow analysis of the disease process at the cellular level and can advance therapeutics by serving as a tool for drug screening and target validation. Her...

    Authors: Le T Hao, Arthur HM Burghes and Christine E Beattie

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:24

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Methamphetamine (METH), an addictive psycho-stimulant drug with euphoric effect is known to cause neurotoxicity due to oxidative stress, dopamine accumulation and glial cell activation. Here we hypothesized th...

    Authors: P M Abdul Muneer, Saleena Alikunju, Adam M Szlachetka, L Charles Murrin and James Haorah

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:23

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Immunization against amyloid-β (Aβ), the peptide that accumulates in the form of senile plaques and in the cerebrovasculature in Alzheimer's disease (AD), causes a dramatic immune response that prevents plaque...

    Authors: Melanie Meyer-Luehmann, J Rodrigo Mora, Matthew Mielke, Tara L Spires-Jones, Alix de Calignon, Ulrich H von Andrian and Bradley T Hyman

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:22

    Content type: Research article

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  44. TMP21 is a member of the p24 cargo protein family, which is involved in protein transport between the Golgi apparatus and ER. Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder leading to d...

    Authors: Shengchun Liu, Si Zhang, Kelley Bromley-Brits, Fang Cai, Weihui Zhou, Kun Xia, Jill Mittelholtz and Weihong Song

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:21

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Several lines of evidence indicate that memory loss represents a synaptic failure caused by soluble amyloid β (Aβ) oligomers. However, the pathological relevance of Aβ oligomers (AβOs) as the trigger of synapt...

    Authors: Ayumi Takamura, Yasuhide Okamoto, Takeshi Kawarabayashi, Tatsuki Yokoseki, Masao Shibata, Akihiro Mouri, Toshitaka Nabeshima, Hui Sun, Koji Abe, Tsuneo Urisu, Naoki Yamamoto, Mikio Shoji, Katsuhiko Yanagisawa, Makoto Michikawa and Etsuro Matsubara

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:20

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) is a peripheral neuropathy caused by the extracellular accumulation and deposition of insoluble transthyretin (TTR) aggregates. However the molecular mechanism that un...

    Authors: Robert J Gasperini, Xu Hou, Helena Parkington, Harry Coleman, David W Klaver, Adele J Vincent, Lisa C Foa and David H Small

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:19

    Content type: Research article

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  47. It is well established that both cerebral hypoperfusion/stroke and type 2 diabetes are risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recently, the molecular link between ischemia/hypoxia and amyloid precursor pro...

    Authors: Young-Don Kwak, Ruishan Wang, Jing Jing Li, Yun-Wu Zhang, Huaxi Xu and Francesca-Fang Liao

    Citation: Molecular Neurodegeneration 2011 6:17

    Content type: Research article

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